This is a word that derives from the Latin “Intendens” whose meaning is “to direct or direct”. The position of intendant is of French origin and dates back to the year 1551, although it was later adopted by Spain and by different countries of Hispanic America, this office is exercised by an official who was attributed his powers in a certain territory.

In its beginnings, the main function of the intendant was to be the one who represented the King in a substitute way, having under his control the power to decide on matters of politics, justice and of course he also has competences in the field of the nation’s assets as well as the spearheading its economic development. The intendant is characterized by having under his control the position of superior economic chief and can also rule over some state departments.

Who introduced this position in Spain was the monarch Philip V of France, and in Spain the mayor was an official who depended solely and exclusively on the King, and who in turn had under his direction the economic emergence of the nation through the promotion of factories, livestock and agriculture to be able to carry out and maintain the public administration in harmony and fluidity. Later this regimen was included in Latin America when it was colonized by the Europeans (Spaniards) because it had very good effects when it was started in Spain. The Kings, keeping in mind the absolutism of territorial possessions, imposed that the main function of the intendant in America was to protect the hacienda.