Materialism is a philosophical current that emerged to oppose idealism. The main postulate of materialism is that the thing exists without precedent other than its mere existence, regardless of whether it is linked to the available senses in living beings. For its part, idealism resorts to the belief that the thing cannot exist if there is no one who perceives it or is aware of its presence. One of the best-known questions surrounding this philosophical dispute is: If a tree falls in the middle of the jungle with no one near it, does its fall produce any noise?

Materialism established a theory in which the origin of the universe came from an existing material element, and that from the interaction of the molecules present in this object, everything else arose, in the same way it was applied analogously to the man, saying that the man who is formed is made from a material element, which creates the soul. This essential element is destroyed when man ceases to exist, he dies. In the subsequent civilizations after the postulates of Democritus (the main philosopher studying the matter), and Aristotle, (who affirmed that the initial raw material existed before anything else) the existence of a supreme being, a God, was questioned. responsible for the creation of man and life on earth. Theology and the currents that derived from it generated a lot of confusion that was opposed to philosophical currents such as materialism, which evidenced a clear study of the organic and scientific origin of man as a multicellular organism that developed in a biotope that evolved over years and not a being derived from an omnipotent and superior presence that created everything in 7 days.

The materialists were persecuted at the time of the Renaissance, considered heretics and sorcerers for considering that the designs of the Catholic Church, a religious institution that supported the postulate of idealism with God and the crown over the king, were not adapted to a scientific reality and in process of being verified. Nowadays, faith and will have made societies clusters of free thoughts capable of analyzing and being aware of their origin.