The word magnetization derives from the French “aimantation” which means “magnet”. Magnetization, also known as magnetization or magnetization, is a process by which the density of magnetic dipole moments is known, that is, this procedure consists of transforming a certain iron bar, whether it is steel or soft, into a magnet. Act that can be carried out by rubbing, rubbing or rubbing the bar of the magnet a certain number of times, starting at the center and ending at the extreme part, always in the same direction. Then it can be said that the purpose of magnetization is to provide magnetic-type properties to a piece or bar of steel, iron or metal.

It is generally done by passing a conductive wire wound around said bar and isolated from it, and in this way it is converted into a magnet; on the other hand, soft iron releases its magnetic properties when the electric current subsides; then it is an electromagnet that only exerts the action of attraction during the moment that the current passes through this thread that surrounds it. It should be noted that both the so-called magnets and electromagnets have numerous applications such as in the telephone, doorbell, telegraph, etc.

This process occurs thanks to the fact that the bodies are composed of three different particles which are called neutrons, electrons and protons. And electrons are those that naturally possess attractive properties. In addition, neutrons are subatomic particles, which are found in the atomic nucleus of almost all atoms. And finally, protons are subatomic particles with a positive elementary electrical charge.