MabThera is the brand name for the active ingredient rituximab. It is a monoclonal antibody used in the treatment of different types of leukemia and inflammatory diseases such as: non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, severe rheumatoid arthritis. Similarly, Mabthera is used in combination with steroid medicines in rare cases of inflammation of the blood vessels and other body tissues.

Rituximab is a protein-like antibody designed to identify a specific structure, called an antigen; found in certain cells of the body and bind to it

Mabthera (Rituximab) works by binding to the CD20 antigen on normal and malignant B cells. The body’s natural immune defenses then attack and destroy the tagged B cells. Stem cells do not have the CD20 antigen, which makes it possible for B cells to regenerate after completing treatment.

Mabthera comes in 2 presentations: box with 2 vials with 100mg in 10ml (10mg/ml). Box with 1 vial with 500mg in 50ml (10mg/ml).

It is important to keep in mind that the application of mabthera can cause a serious brain infection in the patient, which can cause disability or death of the person. Therefore, it is recommended to go to the doctor if there is any change in your mental state, or in vision, problems walking or speaking. These symptoms can start small and get worse quickly.

If the patient had hepatitis B in the past, Mabthera may cause this condition to return or worsen. Therefore, your doctor may recommend regular blood tests to monitor your liver function during treatment.

It is recommended not to use Mabthera if the patient is allergic to rituximab, if he has suffered from hepatitis B, kidney conditions, if he has a weak immune system, if he has a history of heart conditions. It should not be administered to pregnant women or those who are breastfeeding.

Below are some of the side effects that may occur in the patient during treatment: chills, fever, symptoms of colds, continuous diarrhea, weight loss, earaches, headaches, nausea, muscle aches, swelling in the hands and feet, sinusitis, cough continues.