Sotavento comes from Latin roots, which is made up of “subtus” which means “under” and “ventus” which means “wind”. According to the royal academy, the word leeward is used in maritime environments to refer to the area or opposite part where the referring wind of a particular place comes from. So we can say that leeward is a word that alludes to the sector opposite to that from which the wind derives; For his part, the leeward antonino is windward, which is the direction in which the wind moves.

These two terms leeward and windward are used in the maritime context to refer to the sectors or places where the wind moves, and that is projected on the boats; but they are also used in other areas such as hunting and of great importance in climatology, geomorphology and physical geography, also with the same meaning previously exposed, that is to say that for those who sail, they refer to the leeward side to the opposite side from where the wind incurs the vessel or ship.

Although in those countries where constant or planetary winds stand out, such as the so-called trade winds or winds from the west, leeward and windward are used very frequently in toponymy (a discipline that deals with the etymological study of the proper names of a place) on a scale local or regional. Fact that happens with a region located in Venezuela, called Barlovento.

On the other hand, a group of islands that are located in the Lesser Antilles, off the coast of Venezuela, are called the Leeward Islands. Leeward is also awarded to the group of islands that are in Cape Verde; or to the islands, reefs and sandbanks located in Hawaii, among others.