Koala


The koala is a marsupial mammal, native to Australia, belonging to the order Diprodontia (Diprotodonts), being the only species assigned to the family Phascolarctidae (Phacolarctid). Its scientific name is Phascolarctos cinereus.

Their appearance is somewhat similar to toy bears. It is an arboreal and herbivorous marsupial, due to the fact that it has a bag or marsupial located on the ventral surface, open towards the rear. The word “marsupial” comes from the Latin marsupiumwhich means “bag”.

The newborn pups are not very developed, they are small, blind, and hairless, barely at birth, they climb to the marsupial bag of the mother, where they will remain consuming milk that is supplied by her, until they complete their development.

The koala is a cute, friendly, peaceful, docile and fearful animal. Equally lazy since it sleeps a lot and is somewhat slow in its movements, especially when its food is scarce, its way of moving to another tree is even slower to save its energy.

The size of the koala is small, the males weigh about 12 Kg and the females less, its body is slim and muscular, the legs and arms are short, it has thick and soft brown and gray fur. His feet are shaped like hands, on his front legs he has five fingers, two of which are thumbs. This makes the koala hold on much more tightly.

It lives only in Australia, its main and only food is eucalyptus, that is why they live and spend most of their lives in trees with this kind of leaf. “Koala” is an Australian word that means “animal that does not drink”; he never drinks water, he quenches his thirst with the oily liquid contained in the eucalyptus leaves.

Unfortunately, due to his very special diet and poor health, we don’t see him in many zoos. In general, it develops its life at night. Koalas tend to only have one baby at a time, maybe two.

Koalas are an endangered species in some parts of Australia, because the forests they live in are disappearing. Also, a eucalyptus forest can only support a certain number of koalas, so animals in overcrowded or destroyed habitats starve.

There is also the danger of its predators and illegal hunting due to its fur. Today there is the Australian Koala Foundation (FAK), which is an international organization whose main purpose is the long-term conservation and effective management of the koala in the wild in Australia.