The term Judgment, which comes from the Latin Sententĭa, contracts a series of meanings that give a particular essence to the concept of Judgment. Sententĭa comes from “sentiens, sentientis” active participle of “sentiré” which means to feel. When studying the etymology of the word we realize that a sentence is more than the decision of a competent body (Judge) towards a person who committed a mistake for which he must be punished. A sentence implies the feelings that the judge may have in the face of the controversy. After this, the rules corresponding to the decision made would be applied, it is what is called “Light” in the legal field.

In cold, a sentence is an opinion established by a person with power, or with greater moral or verifiable authority, in this sense, a sentence puts an end to a problem whose destiny is not decided by itself, a demand in which Both parties defend themselves by corresponding to what is aspired to, they must have a final sentence of who will be the winner of the controversy.

The judicial sentence, a term specifically associated with the law, recognizes and uses as tools to apply order and norms to each law that corresponds to the case, in this type of judgment moral values ​​are also used indirectly, given that the precepts in which are based to define sentences are facts based on moral principles, therefore, the sentence acquits or condemns the accused. If the sentence is a conviction, it stipulates the penalty corresponding to the crime in question.

The judicial sentence has a process to be dictated, first the ideas of both boxes (plaintiff and defendant) are presented, they present evidence, background and the characteristics of what happened from each point of view. Then we proceed to the study and “Consideration” of the defenses and statements made by the parties, to reach the decision better known as the Final Judgment.