Interculturality


It is called “interculturality”, the process in which two or more cultures carry out a kind of exchange and interact in general. This is distinguished from multiculturalism because it is a completely enriching relationship between both traditions, while the other suggests that, in a certain geographical area, two or more cultures coexist, where individuals would not necessarily be interacting. Interculturality is a form of integration and coexistence, prioritizing importance over respect for diversity. From the perspective of human rights, this supposes the construction of a certain reciprocity, with equality between the different participants.

Researchers point out that the process of meeting between cultures occurs in 5 stages, being as follows: the meeting, where the interaction begins and the respective identities are established; respect, where the participants open themselves to listening to the customs, beliefs and traditions of others; horizontal dialogue, which comes into play when equal opportunities for empowerment are given to all cultures; mutual understanding, that is, the acceptance and understanding of the circumstances of others; the synergy or the conclusions reached after experiencing the exchange.

Some international organizations, such as the UN, propose bilingual educational systems that take into account at least two cultures. This project would be applied, especially, in countries where they coexist with indigenous tribes or there is a high rate of immigrants. In this way, young people are urged to be part of a process in which they will learn, from different points of view, the lifestyle and customs of other communities; also, dialogue is promoted, to learn more in depth, as well as rapprochement and respect for other cultures.