Intellectual Skills


Intellectual skills are the basic skills of active learning, information comprehension, verbal expression, critical judgment, information organization, mathematical reasoning, and problem solving. They also allow us to deliver production reports, correct texts, drive a vehicle to carry out food distribution, make the financial balance of a company or promote the purchase of a product in a commercial establishment, among many other tasks.

Skills are not unique to one person or group of workers. Neither a task, nor the profile of an occupation. Each skill can be present in countless occupational activities that share it. As for example, the ability to organize information, the same applies to the archivist, the secretary, the librarian or the messenger, among many other occupations; while the capacity for verbal expression, the speaker, the seller, the commentator, as well as the manager who presents his projects in a work meeting.

Four intellectual aptitudes have been assessed:

  • Spatial aptitude: indicates the capacity with which a person can mentally imagine the movements of figures in space (rotate them, adjust them…).
  • Numerical aptitude: it is the aptitude that is manifested by the speed and security in mental calculation, mastery of mathematical concepts, arithmetic reasoning and the resolution of numerical problems of daily life.
  • Abstract reasoning: refers to the ability to solve logical or abstract problems and discover and follow logical sequences.
  • Verbal Aptitude: It is the ability to understand ideas and concepts expressed in words and to reason with them. It is also related to the richness of the vocabulary.

The four intellectual aptitudes can be grouped as follows:

  • Spatial aptitude and abstract reasoning form nonverbal Intelligence, which represents the ability to reason with nonverbal content, without cultural content. It reflects your perceptive, analytical and logical capacity.
  • Verbal and numerical skills form verbal intelligence. The score obtained can indicate the cultural or acquired intellectual level, that is, fundamentally their ability to handle and understand words and numbers. The global result allows an evaluation of general intelligence, understood as the current ability to solve problems of different types in an agile way and perform tasks that require complex mental operations.

Creative thinking (having innovative ideas), analytical thinking (assessing whether those ideas are feasible and finding effective solutions to problems), and practical thinking (applying ideas effectively) are in balance, and this is what that you should try to teach the school, know how and when to use each of them.