This is how it is called the series of images and representations that are arranged under certain cultural, religious or social concepts, so that the community can easily, according to the ideologies and doctrines it professes, see itself identified with it. . Similarly, it is the name given to those studies that are responsible for analyzing images related to certain conceptions, characters or themes.

Iconography is a field in which not only the symbology and richness present in the various figures is analyzed, but also their background.

As explained by the DRAE, the term has its origins in the Latin word “iconographĭa”, which in turn derives from the Greek “εἰκονογραφία”, which, although they had a meaning similar to that of today, these specified the description of paintings, portraits, statues, ancient monuments, as well as being the name given to collections of artistic works such as those already mentioned. It is related to iconology; the nuances that differentiate them become diffuse, because they are in charge of treating similar points, such as the topics that are treated in the paintings (iconography) and the meaning that they contain (iconology).

Traditionally, iconography has been divided into three main fields, based on the features that inspire the artist, these being: classical mythology, Christian mythology and secular representations. In this way, the historical background of each style and movement can be studied, in addition to understanding the series of events that could have influenced the artist in his work.