hyperthyroidism


Hyperthyroidism is known as the increase in the functioning of the thyroid gland, which in turn generates an increase in the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood, which has as a consequence an increase in the acceleration of the metabolic activity of the organism. This is a very common disorder, which affects more than 1% of the world population, affecting in most cases women whose ages range between 30 and 40 years.​

Some of the symptoms that characterize hypothyroidism are tachycardia, weight loss, constant nerves and tremors in the body. In humans, the main causes of this condition are Graves’ disease, toxic thyroid adenoma, toxic multinodular goiter, and the effects of some medications.

The main and most frequent cause is Graves-Based disease. In this pathology there is an appearance of antibodies that stimulate the production of hormones in excess. Secondly, there is the appearance of nodular goiters, which lead to the rupture of the cells that contain thyroxine and that is how they end up in the bloodstream.

In general, people who are affected by hyperthyroidism have increased arousal in all organs and systems of the body. Such alterations occur progressively, which is why they can initially be attributed to stress and nervousness.

In the case of the elderly, on the other hand, it can manifest only with fatigue, weight loss and depression; it is called apathetic hyperthyroidism and is more difficult to detect. In other cases, the symptoms appear suddenly at their maximum intensity, which is called “thyroid storm”. Symptoms may include:

  • Weight loss: the general metabolism of the patient’s body is increased, therefore, he will consume more energy without the need to exercise. For its part, the feeling of hunger increases and you want to eat larger quantities and more frequently.
  • Hyperactivity: the state of mind is altered and those affected are restless, feeling the need to carry out various activities continuously, regardless of the moment.