Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid refers to a glycosaminoglycan, more specifically to a type of sugar, produced naturally in the human body and which is part of various tissues in general and blood vessels, has functions of tissue repair and regeneration, of great importance to level of bone joints, it is currently obtained from various sources and used in physical rehabilitation therapies, as well as in aesthetic medicine, due to its rapid results and few side effects.

What is hyaluronic acid

It is a glycosaminoglycan present in most of the human body naturally, mainly it is part of blood vessels, extracellular matrix and in various tissues that make up the body. Currently its properties have been used in the medical field, this is because the benefits of hyaluronic acid are used both for health therapies themselves, and for aesthetic procedures.

On the other hand, from the etymological point of view it comes from the Latin “hyalus” which refers to glass, the Greek term “ouron” which is associated with urine and the suffix ico, which establishes something related to something else.

History of hyaluronic acid

It was discovered in 1934 by Karl Meyer and John Palmer in the United States, through experiments and tests carried out on cow eyes, however, it was not until approximately 1942 when it was used commercially for the first time and it was in the pastry area by Hungarian Endre Balazs.

Years later it was used in the field of aesthetics, specifically in 1996, being a success in the market and even today hyaluronic acid nose and hyaluronic acid lips are used to perfect these areas of the face and achieve a younger and more vital.

Its use has been expanding due to the fact that in addition to its benefits, as it is a product of natural origin, adverse reactions and contraindications are almost nil. Having a fairly successful risk-benefit ratio.

Characteristics of hyaluronic acid

Over time, hyaluronic acid benefits, properties and characteristics have been studied, with the aim of perfecting its use in commercial products in various business areas.


The main sources for obtaining this product are the umbilical cord, rooster combs, the fins of baby sharks and also through a fermentation process with the participation of microorganisms.


Hyaluronic Acid - Some presentations of the component

Currently, depending on the intended use, it can be found in various presentations ranging from nutritional supplements that contain it, through injectable hyaluronic acid, hyaluronic acid pills and hyaluronic acid cream. The latter is mainly used in the cosmetic industry for beauty routines and skin care, based on the presentation and concentration there will be variations in hyaluronic acid price.

Mechanism of action

In the case of use for therapeutic purposes, the mechanism of action consists of improving the viscoelastic properties of the synovial fluid and, on the other hand, promotes the renewal, maintenance and repair of the tissues.

hyaluronic acid applications

As mentioned above, the areas that use products and derivatives of this acid to a greater extent are the medical and aesthetic branches.

medical uses

In the field of medicine, its main uses are at the joint level, for example in the treatment of degenerative injuries such as osteoarthritis, to improve symptoms and repair tissue, as well as in treatment for recovery of injuries at the level of knees, ankles, among other areas.

At the dental level, its main use is for the regeneration of the gums and mucous membranes after surgical treatments, as well as in alterations of the temporomandibular joint.

On the other hand, in patients with alterations at the skin level, as in the case of lipodystrophy, it is very useful.

aesthetic uses

In the case of aesthetic medicine, it is used in principle to maintain the tone and brightness of the skin, however, currently its use is deeper and it is used to fill spaces in order to give a more youthful and defined appearance. the most common areas of application are the nasolabial fold and the area between the eyebrows, mainly to combat expression lines.

Side effects and contraindications of hyaluronic acid

Regarding side effects or adverse reactions, it has been shown that they are very low, approximately only 4% of patients could present them and this is mainly due to the fact that it is a natural substance and formed in the human body, however , the following cases could occur:

Appearance of bruise-like lesions or lumps at the injection site, local pain and discomfort, and redness and irritation of the skin, often associated mainly with an incorrect application technique rather than with the substance itself.

On the other hand, the main contraindications would be a history of hypersensitivity to the product or reactions related to the application of intra-articular injections in general.

In the same way, caution must be taken at the time of intra-articular injection, for example, the area must be properly disinfected to avoid the subsequent development of infections such as bacterial arthritis. On the other hand, no evidence has been found to indicate that it negatively affects the fetus during pregnancy.

Frequently Asked Questions about Hyaluronic Acid

What is hyaluronic acid?

It is a natural glycosaminoglycan present in the human body, mainly at the level of blood vessels and tissues.

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What is hyaluronic acid used for?

In principle, it favors the viscoelastic properties of some components of the human body, as well as the repair and regeneration of tissues. Of great importance at the level of the joints.

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Where is hyaluronic acid found?

In the human body it is found mainly in the walls of blood vessels, extracellular matrix and tissues, but for commercial use it is extracted from cockscombs, umbilical cords, shark fins and by bacterial fermentation.

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What does hyaluronic acid contain?

In principle, hyaluronic acid is made up of a set of carbohydrates, that is, in general terms, it is a type of sugar.

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What is hyaluronic acid used for on the face?

At the level of the face, its main functions are to fill in areas of wrinkles, eliminating them or reducing their presence, keeping the skin naturally hydrated due to water retention, maintaining the structure and volume of the skin and facilitating cell repair and renewal. .

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