The word holistic or holistic is an adjective that defines the very practice of holistic philosophy, that is, the holistic is based on the fact that each system, whether physical, biological, economic, etc., and its properties, must be studied in a general way. and not individual since in this way you can have a greater understanding of its continuity, without having to do it through the parts that make it up. The holistic can be adjusted to a concept or point of view where greater importance is given to a more comprehensive and complete perception in the study of a reality.

The great philosopher Aristotle was the one who, through his studies, simplified the general foundation of holistic philosophy, writing about metaphysics, in his analyzes determined that “the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.” Holistic philosophy can be seen in other sciences such as medicine, psychology or education. Within the context of medicine, the term holistic medicine appears, this is a kind of alternative treatment, which is adapted to the therapeutic part, is based on the idea of ​​the human being as a whole and not as the sum of its parts . In this way, holistic medicine conceives that for a person to have good results when applying a therapeutic treatment, the environment and all the elements that are linked to said person must first be taken into account. Within this alternative medicine are included the practice of yoga, acupuncture, homeopathy, this in order to contribute to the treatment of physical disorders, for example: muscle pain. They also contribute to the treatment of psychological problems, for example: depression.

On the other hand, there are other theories that are opposed to holistic philosophy, among them are reductionism, which states that a structure can be studied and explained, based on the parts that make it up. Likewise, within the social sciences there is also a science that contradicts the holistic, and it is methodological individualism, which gives greater importance to the subjective interpretation of each person in the various social events in which they are involved.