The term hermeneutics derives from the Greek «ἑρμηνευτικός» or «hermeneutikos»; with lexical compounds such as “hermeneuo” which is equivalent to “I decipher”, “tekhné” which means “art” plus the suffix “tikos” which means “related to”, therefore, according to its etymology it can be said that the word refers to the art of explaining, interpreting or deciphering texts, writings, etc. The RAE exposes three possible definitions for the word hermeneutics, among which one of them states that it is everything related to and pertaining to hermeneutics. Another of the possible meanings declares that it is the art of deciphering texts and writing, especially those called «sacred» in order to find their true meaning.

It is estimated that the word comes from the Greek god Hermes, Olympian messenger god, who is presumed to be the origin of writing and language but was also considered the patron of human understanding and communication, all this according to the Greeks . In its origins, hermeneutics reflected the explanation and understanding of a mysterious and incomprehensible sentence of the oracle or gods, which detailed a correct interpretation.

For the Argentine philosopher, epistemologist and humanist, Mario Bunge, hermeneutics is the analysis of writings in literary criticism, theology and philosophy, it is in the latter that he alludes to the doctrine or discipline of an idealistic type according to which events Social and perhaps also natural ones are symbols or texts that must be objectively described and exposed.

For its part, in the philosophical field, specifically in the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer, defined as the hypothesis of truth and the method that expresses the universalization of the interpretive phenomenon from the concrete and personal historicity.