Hepatitis


Hepatitis is a disease that mainly affects the liver, causing it to become inflamed. It can occur at any age and can attack anyone, regardless of age or gender. Parasites, bacteria or viruses are a frequent source of the disease, as are autoimmune disorders, injuries due to alterations in the normal blood circulation of the liver, trauma to the abdominal area, the presence of toxins, drugs or medications in the body. and suffering from autoimmune diseases.

The most frequent symptoms are: pain in the abdominal area, cloudy urine, light-colored stools, fatigue, low-grade fever, jaundice (yellow pigmentation of the eyes and skin), loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and weight loss. Symptoms may not be present in cases of hepatitis B and C.

There are 6 types of hepatitis, hepatitis A, whose virus resides in feces, and can be spread by consuming contaminated water or cleaning food with it; Hepatitis B, for its part, is spread through contact with body fluids, hepatitis C, can also be spread by contact with the fluids of an infected person and, together with hepatitis B, is considered 100 times more infectious than HIV; hepatitis D, is a viroid that does not have a protein or lipid layer, it affects plants; hepatitis E, transmitted orally and, like hepatitis A, its virus resides in feces and, finally, hepatitis G, which is transmitted by having sex with an infected person.

Most types of hepatitis, at the end, do not leave conditions that can affect the liver, although, in 10% of cases there are complications, which can transform into chronic hepatitis.

To diagnose the disease, the doctor will evaluate the size and tenderness of the liver, fluid in the abdomen, and yellowing of the skin. This is likely to include an abdominal ultrasound, liver function tests, liver biopsy to determine damage, paracentesis, some tests to determine if there is a risk of hepatitis A, B, or C, and surveillance of the liver. autoimmune blood markers.

The treatment intended for depends on the specific cause that has caused the disease. Prevention requires the injection of a vaccine that will protect against hepatitis A and B.