Goiter is a word from the medieval Latin “bocĭa” or “bocius” which means “tumor”, this comes from the French word “bosse” which is described as “lump” or “hump”. Goiter is understood as the increase or increase in size, which in most cases is visible, of the thyroid gland, thus causing a bulge in the neck area; that is, it can be described as an external tumor in the lower front part of the neck, specifically below the larynx. This inflammation affects mostly women, and its frequency increases with age. goiter is a very common condition that affects around 800 million people worldwide.

There may be various anomalies that influence the appearance of goiter. Among the causes can range from a deficit or lack of iodine, which is a required element of thyroid hormones; For its part, it can also happen that the synthesis of thyroid hormones is defective or abnormal. Another series of thyroid-type diseases can also cause goiter, but it should be noted that they are less frequent, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Basedow’s disease, among other thyroiditis.

The types of goiter can be various, morphologically speaking, among them are diffuse, uninodular or multinodular goiter; differing according to their size, dividing as follows: State 1, it is detectable by palpation. Stage 2, the goiter is palpable and visible with the neck hyperextended. State 3, is visible with the neck in normal position. Stage 4, the inflammation is visible from a distance.