Glycerin is a term that comes from the Greek “glykos” which means sweet It is defined as a glutinous, colorless fluid with a sweet taste. Which is composed of three carbons, three oxygens and eight hydrogens, is structured by simple and tetravalent bonds. It is applied in soap making and is a basic moisturizing element for the food industry.

Liquid glycerin is difficult to freeze, however, it can crystallize at a low temperature, it can dissolve in water and alcohol, but not in ether or other organic solvents. Glycerin is frequently used in the manufacture of alkyd resins as well as toothpaste and toiletries. Only 5% of its industrial production is intended for the production of explosives and their derivatives, as it is very resistant to melting in petroleum liquids, it is used to grease the machinery that extracts products derived from hydrocarbons, because it is so glutinous and Lacking toxicity, glycerin turns out to be a wonderful oil for food processing machines.

In the past, glycerin was integrated into the soap compounds, which gives it an additional feature. At first it began to separate when the formula for nitroglycerin appeared, which is an explosive used to make bombs. Glycerin in its natural state, and in adequate amounts, is not harmful to human health.

In the medicinal aspect, glycerin is used as an excipient to dilute the active ingredients of various medications, so that they can be assimilated by the body. As a sweetener, it is used as a substitute for sugar, although it is 40% less sweet than sugar, so it does not raise blood sugar levels as much.