The name of Genome is given to the hereditary coding that living beings have in their cellular structure, the genome is a compound in the style of a natural ‘Database’ in which all the information of a generation is contained. The composition of a eukaryotic cell allows this genome to be protected by lipid layers inside the cell, which implies a greater strength in the preservation of the species, unlike prokaryotic cells which have the genomic compound scattered in the cytoplasm, forming even part and form of the cell. The genome of the species is a subject of extensive study, evolved after the invention of the microscope, the generation of data according to the performance of the species allows researchers to formulate and design genome structures on computers and analyze each aspect , relevant and not in a highly complex study, for medical purposes.

Medicine has evolved significantly in the last century, because in addition to containing relevant information about the trajectory of the specimen, features have been found that define the origin of the strains of many diseases, vital information for the search for their cure. It is important that the use of microbiology in this aspect is just one more tool than presto technology, however, thanks to it, progress in the study of the genome of living beings has been significant.

Modern science discovered a compound in cells called DNA (DeoxyriboNucleic Acid) in which is all the genetic information necessary to determine the composition of the genome. Each DNA structure is made up of a certain number of Chromosomes, which contain physical data of the living being (physical features, gestures, body shapes, sex, among others) which are divided according to sex XY and XX. Human beings have 46 chromosomes, 23 XY and 23 XX, each one contains an average of 2000 genes each, with little data, relevant to the hereditary formation of the living being. At present and after having unraveled the mysteries of the origin of man scientifically, genetics is focused on the study of the genome of the species in order to find cures for diseases that have not been fully controlled, such as Cancer. , AIDS and many others.