Gaucho


Characteristic character of the plains of South America, with skills for riding and dedicated to manual labor and cattle breeding, mestizo of origin of a mixture between the Indian and the Spanish, they become hired cowboys at the service of the exploitation of the capitalism. The expression of the word itself is not known exact origin, in the seventeenth century it was called as vagabond or the Creoles of the land, and in a more derogatory way as loose mucus.

The culture of these people is varied, they stand out in their peculiar lifestyle and way of speaking, they are the peasants of the time knowing each other from Spain and Portugal, later spreading to Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil, dedicated to rural work, experts in leather and in the art of music and guitar performance and are of a family nature. The clothing is unique and characteristic of these men who identified them as the cowboys of the plains, they were said to be vagabonds because of their poor dress, wearing several pieces on top starting from the hat or chapéu, lenco or kind of scarf around the neck, shirt with sleeves folded up to the elbows, a vest or ponytail, a cardigan and baggy pants, a shoulder bag or purse, which in some cases used a small one at the waist called guaica, a pullover that is a kind of skirt that covered the pants, and one or two enzyme ponchos, which is a kind of robe made of wool that covered all that clothing and protected them from the cold weather and the inclement sun.

Despite being considered peasants they are very rich in their culture, their guitar music and accompanying them with dances which make these an art by dancing with their horses demonstrating the skill and mastery in taming them. The food is varied depending on where they come from, empanadas, stews and roasted meat since they are specialists in cooking all kinds of animals that they marry, but for no reason do they eat domestic animals such as their own horses or wild horses, dogs or cats. They are to drink mate, cane wine or in special things gin.