Gastritis


Gastritis is an inflammation of the gastric mucosa that lines the stomach from the inside to protect it from gastric juices. Its duration is unknown, but it is estimated that acute gastritis lasts only for a relatively short period and is considered an attack; On the other hand, chronic gastritis can last for 2 or 10 years, and its progress is a prolonged process. It occurs in people who abuse alcohol, have poor eating habits and abuse the consumption of painkillers. If effective treatment is not given, a gastric ulcer may develop or a potential increase in cancer.

Cocaine use can influence the development of the disease, as can ingesting corrosive substances, such as poison, extreme stress, viral infections and autoimmune disorders.

The symptoms, on some occasions, cannot occur, but the most common are: pain in the epigastrium, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, bloody stools and vomiting, loss of appetite and dark-colored stools. Its diagnosis can be made through endoscopy, also known as gastroscopy; Other effective resources to determine if you have the disease is to apply an upper gastrointestinal series, a blood or stool test, or H. Pylori infection detection tests.

As for the treatment of the disease, it will be designated by the doctor, according to the type of gastritis suffered, the patient’s health status and tolerance to certain medications. It should be noted that most prescription medications are antacids, Histamine 2 (H2) blockers and proton pump inhibitors.

For the prevention of gastritis, it is recommended to have a balanced diet, taking care of the food and drinks that are ingested, such as hot and spicy food, similar to alcohol and coffee; skipping meals can provide reasons for the progression of the disease, so, according to doctors, eating small portions of food during the day is recommended. Reducing stress is also one of the best prevention techniques; can be achieved from relaxation exercises. Cigarettes have a lascivious effect on the mucous membranes of the stomach, so eliminating the addiction would help prevent the condition from occurring.