A gargoyle is a fantastic figure, also described as a mythological being, emanated from the imagination, generally found in churches and cathedrals. Similar to the grottos, which is a decorative motif produced from the decoration of the “caves” discovered in Rome that have been identified as rooms and corridors of the domus aurea, which was a grandiose palace built by the emperor Nero in Rome, which It has an artistic purpose, gargoyles are drains and it is from there that its name derives from the French “gargouille” or the Latin “gargulio”, which means throat. Which can be sculptures like animals or human beings, with bodies or without bodies. Gargoyles can be scary or fun ideas that serve much more than one purpose.

In the area of ​​architecture of the Middle Ages which is the historical period of Western civilization especially in the art of Gothic which is a denomination of the artistic style that developed in Western Europe during the last centuries of the Middle Ages, which are very used in churches and cathedrals where they can be structured by intentionally grotesque figures that are those that can relieve men, monsters or demons where they probably have a symbolic function of preserving the temple and scaring the fishermen which is the voluntary transgression of a precept held for good.

This was preserved in the Spanish Renaissance architecture, which is the one that is designed and built during an artistic period of the European Renaissance that characterizes it for being a moment of rupture in the history of architecture or in the Baroque churches, which is the one that is used as derogatory way to indicate the lack of regularity and order of the new style.