futurism


Futurism was an artistic and literary movement, which originated in Italy at the hands of the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti at the beginning of the 20th century, after having written the name “Manifeste du Futurisme” that was published in a prestigious newspaper in Europe as is Le Figaro. This movement was predominant in Italy and France where the artists of these countries were equated with fascism, futurism declined with the arrival of the First World War, despite this it was taken up by Dadaism, among its main objectives were the eradicate traditional art and instead make a representation of everyday life, not to mention the devotion to machines.

Futurism introduced certain aspects in different areas, such as literature, where it proposed that the language remain open to changes, in addition to the incorporation of new terminologies related to modernity, it was also characterized by rejecting traditional elements. of styles such as the romantic. Certain opinions that had been discarded by literary movements were also promoted, some of them were the speed and power of the machines. On the other hand, there are those who relate futurism to the fascism practiced by Mussolini, which has given way to various controversies among experts in this area.

Art, for its part, tried to capture real movement, for which the speed of moving elements in space was highlighted, in art it had great influences from other movements such as abstractionism and cubism. Generally his sculptures represented machines, such as trains or other objects that had some kind of movement, patriotism and war were also a source of inspiration. In architecture, the use of innovative materials and new technologies created during the 20th century was implemented, such as glass, metal, concrete, etc., standing out for breaking the schemes of traditional architecture, applying elliptical and oblique lines.

This current is of great importance not only for the changes it implemented but also for the creation of an aesthetic from the foundations, which helped to innovate in techniques and principles of art, changes that can still be seen today.