Free verse

Within the poetic environment, free verse is that expression that is distinguished by not depending on a rhyme or a certain meter. These kinds of verses are also called “loose verses” and refer to all kinds of verse that do not have an impeccable or consonant rhyme (that is, both vowel and consonant sounds share the rhyme); and neither do they present inexact or assonance rhyme (that is, verses that only rhyme the last vowel sounds).

It is for this reason that the verses that are not associated with any other verse of the writing through rhyme. However, free verses are still just that, verses, an elemental part within what is a composition and the lack of rhyme should not be confused with a prose poem, since even when they do not rhyme with each other; it is still a poetry, with its musical and rhythmic qualities.

These are some of the singularities of free verse:

  • It does not have metric or rhythmic rules.
  • Free verse is much more complex than regular verse.
  • This type of verse requires the poet to develop a particular code of poetic expression.
  • The parenthesis between one verse and another gives it a very particular significant identity.
  • The way the poem is structured and the length of the stanza is inspired by the mood of the author.

This class of verses was widely used during the avant-garde period, by various surrealist poets. This is because these verses made it possible for poets to express themselves more freely, using figures of speech, such as metaphor, which was widely used in Spanish poetic compositions.