Forestry


The word forestry comes from the Latin word “silva” which means “jungle”, “cole” means “to cultivate” plus the suffix “ura” which is the “activity resulting from the action” in the real academy they define it as “cultivation of the forests or mountains ”or“ science that deals with this crop ”. Forestry is about caring for forests, hills or mountains, as well as the techniques that are applied to forest masses in order to obtain from them a prolonged and sustainable production of goods and services demanded by society.

This science can be diagnosed as silvicultural treatments, where the objective is to guarantee two basic principles as well as tenacity and improvement of the mass and multiple use. The forester applies various silvicultural methods depending on what he wants to achieve, which can be such as wood, firewood, fruits, environmental quality.

That is why it can be said that forestry has always been oriented towards the conservation of the environment and nature, the protection of hydrographic basins, the maintenance of pastures for livestock and the public function of forests.

The productivity of a mass in forestry can be divided into two parts, such as direct production and indirect production.

Direct production, here are the timber that are those that give useful wood for construction and non-timber that are the products of raw materials that are within them, wood, firewood, cork, resin, hunting, among others.

Indirect production are the products produced by the masses, such as carbon consolidation, the precept of the hydrological cycle, biodiversity, among others.