Forer effect


The Forer effect is a term that refers to the observation or study that is carried out on a person when he accepts a statement about himself as correct, since it is thought that it comes from a reliable source, that is, people fall into the deception of personal validation, accepting as his own all that information that may be addressed to any subject.

The name of the creator of the forer effect is the psychologist Bertram R. Forer, who discovered through an experiment that many people gave as true the personal descriptions that appeared. For example, in personality tests.

Said experiment was carried out in the year 1948 and consisted of taking a sample of students and applying a personality test to them and then giving them a list of statements as the final result of the evaluation, asking them to analyze said results, to verify if they were true or not. . What the students never imagined was that they all had the same result. Each response was rated on a scale of 0 to 5, with 5 being the highest score. The experiment showed that the assessment of the class was 4.26, demonstrating with this that all of them took for granted what was said there and that what was expressed actually determined their personality.

Since then this study has been carried out many times and the result is always the same.

When applying this evaluation, it is necessary to keep in mind two important elements: that the data or specification that is delivered be fundamental and valuable, intensely realizing the existing proportion between the positive and negative characteristics. The second element is that the individual must believe in the person conducting the study.

It is very important that people do not get carried away by the so-called pseudosciences (for example, tarot reading) or the tests that appear in magazines, where they make them think that the results that appear there determine the personality of the person who performs it. The most advisable thing for a person who needs advice or help is to go to a professional, that is, a therapist or psychologist who is trained to do so.