Forensic Photography

Forensic photography, also known as crime scene photography, is an activity that records the initial appearance of the crime scene and the physical evidence, in order to provide a permanent record for the courts. Crime scene photography differs from other variations of photography because crime scene photographers often have a very specific purpose for capturing each image.

Crime scenes can be important sources of physical evidence used to associate or link suspects to scenes, victims to scenes, and suspects to victims. This is the Locard exchange principle. It is the basic principle of why crime scenes should be investigated. Anything found at a crime scene can be physical evidence. In scientific crime scene investigation, early crime scene activities are essential to the successful preservation of physical evidence. The first responder and ultimately the crime scene investigator have an obligation to make the scene secure and ensure that any other activity at the scene does not change the evidence. Using a multi-level security method would accomplish this task. Preliminary scene survey is the first activity on scene. Precautions are taken for transient and conditional evidence during the survey.

All forensic photography must consider three elements at a crime scene: the subject, the scale, and a reference object. Additionally, general forensic photographs must show a neutral and accurate representation.

Common photography related to creative and artistic photography often shows its results in a different way. Creative and artistic photographs are perfectly fine. However, forensic photography is different. They must serve several purposes.

For people who were at the original crime scene, forensic photos will help jog your memory over time. Provides individuals who were unable to be present at the original crime scene the opportunity to view the crime scene and the evidence within the crime scene.

Also, forensic photos can be used by law enforcement professionals who will become involved with the crime and will be used later when the crime case goes to trial. The judge, jury, attorney, and witnesses may reuse and use forensic photographs for evidence or legal reference. Sometimes forensic photos may be the only way to collect legal evidence. Therefore, the following points should be considered:

  • Document the crime scene and the evidence within the crime scene.
  • Collect the evidence. These images can then be used as examination-quality photographs by experts or analysts in the forensic laboratory.