Fine arts

At the beginning of the 18th century, the concept of fine arts began to be used, referring to the most important arts and the correct use of technique. The first known text in which mention is made of these is written by Charles Batteux and entitled “Beaux-Arts réduits à un même principe” (The Fine Arts reduced to a single principle), this sought to merge different theories about beauty and prevailing tastes at that time. Initially Batteux incorporated music, dance, poetry, sculpture and painting into his definition, then over the years rhetoric was included.

what are fine arts

It can be said that the fine arts are understood as all those productions that man carries out with the aim of representing the world and the reality that surrounds them and each artist does it in a very particular way, this will depend on the parameters cultural that the society in which it is found has and in addition to that of the context in which it is carried out.

There are those who consider the fine arts as everything that can be enjoyed through the ears and sight, which is why the vast majority of the branches of art can be included in this concept. However, the term is usually used in a more academic way, which is why those expressions of innovative and urban arts are not admitted in said environment.

On the other hand, it is important to mention that in Mexico City there is an important building called Palacio de Bellas Artes, located exactly in the historic center of this city, it is one of the most renowned opera venues in the world, without mention that it has been the venue for various events of great importance for Mexico and the world, both related to art and to politics and society.

It was built during the end of the mandate of President Porfirio Díaz, its construction was ordered for the celebration of the centenary of the Independence of Mexico, but it was not inaugurated until 1934, after the Mexican Revolution broke out.

Within this building you can see different places, rooms to exhibit and practice art, such as the Palacio de Bellas Artes México Museum, where works of art by different artists are exhibited and which were made between the years 1928 and 1964.

what are the fine arts

In total, the fine arts are divided into 7, and they in turn are subdivided into acoustic arts, plastic arts, movement arts and applied arts. In the case of plastic arts, they are also known as visual arts.

acoustic arts

They are those disciplines that are characterized by the use of words and sounds as a means to express the feeling of the artist, which is why they are also known as phonetic arts, among the most notorious we can mention music and literature.

Applied Arts

They usually make use of creativity in order to simplify and favor the current rhythm of life of human beings, some of these disciplines are carpentry, jewelry and shoemaking.

movement arts

These types of disciplines use the movements made by the human body as inspiration, in order to express their art, examples of which are theater and dance.

The 7 fine arts

At present, the fine arts are classified into 7 different disciplines, they are music, sculpture, painting, dance, literature, architecture and cinema, the latter being included in the 20th century, which is why it is known as the seventh art.

However, today fine arts is also defined as the academic study that is characterized by combining knowledge of art theory, history, art techniques, restoration, museum, conservation and artistic criticism. It is possible to study it in different universities around the world and the degree obtained is the Bachelor of Fine Arts.

The architecture

This discipline is based on the foundations established by the ancient Greeks, it is characterized by the use and collection of various aesthetic design elements that present functional structures, which represent the means to carry out the construction of buildings, which in addition to lasting over time, they must also be attractive to people.

It is important to mention that in addition to art, architecture is also considered a science, this is due to the fact that it combines beauty with that of a structurally functional design.


This discipline is characterized by the creation of sounds, which are combined and comply with some basic principles, such as rhythm, melody, harmony and timbre. Music is classified as a higher art as it makes use of some of the higher senses like vision and hearing.

For a time it was believed that it should be grouped together with theater and dance, however, due to the fact that it was considered complex, it was given its own place within the fine arts, and different instruments can be used to create very beautiful sounds. These creations have been present in the history of man almost since its inception, since in addition to being considered art, it is also a form of communication.


In this form of art, three-dimensional figures are made, they can be made on different materials, such as metal, wood, ceramics, clay, among others. Since ancient times, sculpture has been very popular in the art world and is still considered one of its most important forms today.Fine_Arts-2


It is undoubtedly one of the most popular and recognized fine arts, since ancient times human beings have used painting as a way to express themselves and also a method to capture reality. For millions of years there have been several painters recognized throughout the world, which is why it would not be uncommon for it to be considered one of its most important expressions even today.


In ancient times only poetry was recognized as art, however, today all literature is included as art, since this is a way of giving the recognition that those authors who use words to represent feelings and different situations deserve. . Everything that makes use of words to create something is considered art.


It constitutes one of the 7 fine arts due to the energetic movements that are performed to the rhythm of the music that is used, and is considered one of the most aesthetic forms of expression that man can enjoy.


This is the newest form of fine art, it is characterized by the use of various projection and narrative techniques, with which it can transmit different art situations, provoking different sentimental sensations in the viewer. It is popularly known as the seventh art and was cataloged as such by Ricciotto Canudo, a film critic. Who in the year 1911 elaborated a manifesto of the seven fine arts introduced the cinema as one of them.

Below is the text by Charles Batteux entitled “Beaux-Arts réduits à un même principe”. The Fine Arts reduced to a single principle.

Frequently Asked Questions about Fine Arts

What is fine art?

It refers to the correct uses of artistic techniques, so it also alludes to the most beautiful artistic works dating from the eighteenth century.

What use are fine arts to us?

All the arts exist to be appreciated, valued, judged (only by those with the knowledge), to learn about history and to inspire people.

What is the fine arts degree about?

Knowledge of all types of art that exist, in addition, knowledge of art theory, techniques, history, restoration, conservation, museum and art criticism are combined.

How was the Palace of Fine Arts built?

With mixed styles of Art Nouveau and Art Deco.

Who built the Palace of Fine Arts?

The people in charge of building the palace were Adamo Boari, Federico Ernesto Mariscal Piña and Géza Maróti.