Female Dyspareunia


Sex is one of the main elements and needs in the life of most beings and, especially, of human beings. This, in addition to being one of the most important biological functions for procreation, is also one of the most common methods of obtaining pleasure. This process, however, can be affected by different diseases or conditions, such as, in the male population, erectile dysfunction and, in the case of women, vaginismus. Each of these conditions has different characteristics, so they should be treated according to the patient’s requirements and how serious the diagnosis is.

Among these discomforts that interrupt the regular course of sexual activities is female dyspareunia. It is a discomfort or pain that can appear before or during intercourse, with an intensity that can vary; Similarly, there is also talk of burning during sexual intercourse. It should be noted that these pains are often compared to menstrual cramps. When diagnosed with dyspareunia, women tend to be tense about sexual relationships, which can cause a state of stress and fear in love relationships.

So far, four types of dyspareunia have been specified: primary or lifelong, in which pain is experienced for almost the entire duration of intercourse; the secondary or lifetime, in which the discomfort occurs some time after having started sexual life; the complete one, where it is possible to be affected in any circumstance of a sexual nature; the situational, whose symptoms can appear in certain positions to perform intercourse. Among the causes, we can mention some organic ones, such as the presence of pelvic tumors or problems with vaginal lubrication, and psychological ones, such as poor sexual education or traumatic experiences.

For diagnosis, a pelvic exam is usually used; The patient must report possible pain to the professional, so that he or she can take the necessary measures. Depending on its origin, the treatment is different; Even so, it is common to see therapies applied to the muscles that surround the vagina and the pelvic floor, in addition, if it is a psychological dyspareunia, the presence of a psychotherapist is necessary.