Fable


Fable, comes from the Latin fable, which means “conversation, story”. It is a very short literary composition, written in verse or prose, in which animals or inanimate objects are presented that act as people. In general, it tells stories or situations that encourage reflection on the good and bad actions of people, in order to convey some teaching or moral.

Seen as a short story, it would be part of the narrative, but due to its didactic-moralizing intention it would be closer to didactics. For this reason, fable and apologist have sometimes come to be confused or used as synonyms. The differentiating feature would be above all in the characters of the fable that are animals.

The writers who have dedicated themselves to research on this literary form, trace a series of criteria that characterize it and to which they believe necessary to adjust to achieve total success to characters and customs, they affirm that if we do not want to lie poetically, we should only attribute to animals qualities and actions that are analogous to their instincts and natural properties, or at most with those that popular experience or mythology itself would have attributed to them.

These qualities and actions must be written in a simple and easy style, their dialogue must be appropriate to the characters and situation of their characters, conceived in prose or in verse, although sometimes the two forms are presented combined.

The origin of the fable dates back to the earliest times of man, in his need for criticism. You have Aesop in sixth century BC Greece, his collection of fables has inspired all of Western literature. Phaedrus among the Romans, Pelpay among the Indians, La Fontaine in France, Juan Ruíz, Juan Iriarte and Samaniego in Spain, Borner and Hans Sachs in Germany, Gay and Dreyden in England.

The modern fable has Walt Disney as its representative. In his fables, the vivacity, the tenderness, the comic aspect, the natural environment in which the animals move, gives the fable a new character.

The term fable is also related to rumor, gossip, uncorroborated information that people comment on, or false or invented story. For example: the stories of the neighbor are all fables.