The term extradition refers to a judicial procedure, whether criminal or administrative, that is applied to a person who is involved in a crime that is in accordance with the laws of a country. “TO”and be imprisoned in a country “B”the country “B” is obliged to send it back to the country “TO” to be prosecuted for his crimes, as long as an extradition agreement is signed between both countries (AYB), but he is not obliged to grant it.

In order for a country to request the extradition of a person from another, it must first meet certain requirements, one of which is that the requesting country really demonstrates the reasons that prompted it to prosecute the accused person, and that the infraction or crime committed is standardized in the laws of both countries, no person will be extradited to those countries where the death penalty is implemented as punishment.

Extradition can be active when the requesting country makes the request to the country where the accused person is located. Extradition will be passive when it falls on the country that has the requested person. One of the limitations that extradition has is when it is requested for individuals from the requested country, no country will allow another State to take one of its inhabitants to be prosecuted, there are only 7 countries that have signed an agreement to extradite their patriots and they are Colombia, Mexico, Argentina, the United States, Uruguay, the Dominican Republic and the United Kingdom.