Executive power


Within political science and law, the executive power is considered as one of the three functions and powers that a State or Country possesses. It tends to be distinguished from the legislative branch because the latter enacts, approves or repeals laws, while the executive governs the country and, consequently, the citizens. This power is in charge of managing the territory, in addition, it executes the policies and laws that must be applied throughout the country. It represents the nation in all its diplomatic relations, is in charge of leading the armed forces and has a fundamental role in legislation.

What is the executive power

This power is nothing more than one of the three pillars of a Republican State, since it is in charge of planning, designing and executing the projects that a country has according to its constitution and its laws. In general, all its powers are stipulated in the Magna Carta of the nation, however, in some countries they have an organic law of the executive power that stipulates how it must direct, plan, coordinate and execute the actions of a government. .

Despite the great power that this pillar represents, it does not have the ability to legislate or administer justice, this is because there are already special powers or pillars for these tasks.

Its origin as an independent power dates back to 1789 thanks to the French Revolution, since before there were only monarchical regimes and power rested with a single person. This term comes from the Latin potere and its meaning refers to being able or having the ability to do something. There is also the word executive, whose genesis comes from the Latin exsequitus and is defined as something that must continue to the end.

Functions of the executive branch

Executive Power - Functions

The attributions of the executive power are distributed between organizing, planning, executing and evaluating all those actions that have to do with the benefit of the country, among them, are the following meanings:

  1. Execute all laws created by the legislative power.
  2. Plan and carry out the annual budget.
  3. Design and carry out all policies that have to do with education, culture, public health, sports, economy, finance, communications, among others.
  4. Delegate its functions at the national, state and municipal levels.
  5. Propose adjustments or reforms in the tax systems.
  6. Represent the nation internationally.
  7. Direct foreign policies.
  8. Form or propose international treaties.
  9. Protect the country from any foreign attack, as well as ensure the internal peace of the territory.

Characteristics of the executive power

To talk about the characteristics of this pillar, it is necessary to mention two functions or powers of the executive power.

  1. The first is politics, whose main objective is to guide society along a path in which its needs can be met, of course, making decisions according to specific situations that are not regulated by legal norms, for For example, appoint ministers, approve treaties or carry out some commercial exchanges with other nations.
  2. On the other hand, there is the administrative function, in which all those specific objectives of a nation and all those that are subject to the law are developed, that is, companies, activities carried out by governments, ministries and intendancies.
  3. The representative of the executive power is the president, who is elected through direct and popular suffrage by the citizens of the territory, of course, only those who are over 18 years of age can vote, likewise, the candidate must also have with an age stipulated in the legal norm and this varies according to the country.

    The president can lead the nation for 4 to 6 years and be reelected, although this will always depend on the country. The structure of the executive power is based on the National power (executive), state executive power (government), municipal executive power (mayor).

Members of the executive branch

The Magna Carta is in charge of establishing who is going to make up the executive and what are the functions that they must follow, however, an organizational chart of the executive power can be mentioned and, from there, determine the members of this pillar.

In the first place, there is presidentialism, which is common in Latin America and where the president is the one who leads and brings together the functions of head of government and state in a single position. In this category, the members of the executive are the president, vice president, ministers, attorney general, and other executive bodies.

But there is also semi-presidentialism and parliamentarism, which are based on separating the functions of foreign and domestic policies, for this, a head of state and a head of government are appointed, that is, a president who is in charge of foreign policies and a prime minister who governs the nation and who executes the powers of the executive branch.

executive branch of Mexico

The Federal Republic of Mexico proclaimed its independence on September 16, 1810, then, in 1824, a constitution was established that divides the powers into Legislative and Judicial, so it is known as the Federal Executive Power.

The executive pillar governs according to current regulations, is chaired by a president elected through suffrage every 6 years and does not have the capacity to be reelected. This person can appoint his collaborators, that is, the Secretary of State and Attorney General of the Republic according to what is established in the laws.

executive branch images

In this aspect, various images will be captured that represent the executive pillar in different countries of the world.

Frequently Asked Questions about Executive Power

What does the executive power consist of?

It consists of managing and directing a state or country.

What is the executive power responsible for?

To govern a state or nation.

What is the origin of the executive power?

Its origin dates back to 1789 thanks to the French Revolution.

Who make up the executive power?

That depends on the type of government, if it is presidential, the president, vice president, ministers and other state bodies, if it is semi-presidential or legislative, the president and a prime minister.

How is the executive branch elected?

It is elected through popular and direct suffrage.