The word Eucharist is defined within the religious context, as the sacrament that makes present, in the liturgical celebration of the Catholic Church, and under the species of bread and wine, the person of Jesus Christ, with his body, his blood, his soul. and his divinity. This term is derived from the Greek “eucharistia” which means “thanksgiving”. Considered the sacrament par excellence, since God is present in it. All the other sacraments are oriented towards the Eucharist, assisting the soul to receive it better, including many of them officiated within the Eucharist. For example, a person who is going to receive the sacrament of marriage, but has not received communion, can receive both sacraments on the same day.

The Eucharist is also called Holy Communion, Lord’s Supper, Blessed Sacrament, or Mass; and traditionally the Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican and some Lutheran churches accept it as the sacrament of the body and blood of Jesus Christ, under the species of bread and wine, thus being the beginning and culmination of the life of every Christian.

According to the holy scriptures, the night before beginning his passion, Jesus celebrated the last supper together with his apostles; Knowing that he would soon not be physically in this world, he wanted to leave something to men so that they would always keep him in mind. So at the last supper Christ took bread, gave thanks, broke it and gave it to them saying: “This is my body that will be given up for you. In the same way, after dinner he drank the wine saying: “This is the cup, it is the new covenant in my blood that is going to be poured out for you. Do this in memory of me.”

When Christ says: “do this in memory of me”, he entrusted his apostles with the power to celebrate it, since then and until today, the priests are the ones authorized by the church to consecrate bread and wine. The word consecrate being understood as the transformation of bread and wine into the body and blood of the Lord.

When a believer receives the Eucharist, he is receiving the body of Christ. To be able to participate in this, the person must not have sins; if an individual has committed a mortal sin he should not take communion without first confessing. If the sin is venial or small, it is enough to repent, and ask God for forgiveness from the heart, in order to receive the Eucharist.