Etymology


Etymology is the branch of linguistics responsible for studying and deciphering words. Etymology has the difficult task of finding the meaning, rationale, way of expressing itself and adapting to different cultures. When a new word is introduced in the dictionary of the RAE (Royal Spanish Academy), it first makes an etymological journey in which the origin of the word, the combination of letters, why it is associated with that characteristic or object that tries to define, but even more, an analysis is carried out in which the impact of the relationship of the word with the socio-cultural environment that surrounds it is determined.

Words or graphemes are a descriptive tool that allows free communication between people. Etymology is oriented as a purpose, the distribution of words around the world, giving clear concepts of them and explaining how to apply them. In certain cases, the words can have different meanings, depending on the culture that embraces it, a clear example of this is the word “Floor” in Venezuela refers to the floor covered with a layer of cement or tile, but in other countries such as Argentina, “Piso” defines a room or small studio apartment in a building in the center of the city.

Etymology is also responsible for the control and discipline of idioms, which are nothing more than deformations of clear and understandable language for the purpose of comfort or laziness. There are countries where the language has been damaged so much that on certain occasions it is a bit cumbersome to translate a sentence, thanks to the idiom used. The custom and fashion of inventing new words to serve as an anchor for a song has wreaked havoc on the language in recent years.

The study of etymology is very important in subjects in which the best understanding of texts is sought, the knowledge acquired by studying the origin of a word is so subtle. That the simple representation of an idea can generate more concept and structure to the causes for which consequences are sought.