Equality is the way in which people are treated in any field, whether in a company, association, body, government entity or social group and where it is easier for subjects to work in each of these organizations without any of them have any type of objection, be it due to race, sex, social class or any other praiseworthy eventuality, leaving behind any type of discrimination between the people who are within those organizations.

What is equality

It is a personal right for the human being that contemplates that everyone should have the same opportunities for participation on a personal and social level, without any kind of discrimination.

It is important to clarify that this term does not mean that all human beings must be physically equal, or must share the same tastes or preferences. Equality in this case refers to the rights that individuals living in a society may have, and which everyone should enjoy without making any kind of differences.

That is why it is said that this term is one of the fundamental values ​​that have constituted current political methods based on equality before the law for all citizens.

Etymologically the word derives from the Latin “aequalĭtas, -ātis”, made up of the adjective “aequus” which means “equal, flat, fair, balanced, equitable”, plus the suffix “tat” which means “to announce quality”, in the real academia determines it as “conformity of something with something else in nature, form, quality or quantity.”

A synonym for equality is equity, while its antonym is inequality.

Equality characteristics

Equality - Characteristics of equality

  1. Acceptance of the rights of citizens regardless of their race, origin, sexual orientation, among others.
  2. Represents the search for impartiality between people so that there are no benefits to the detriment of the other.
  3. It seeks to end injustices in all areas.
  4. Provides fair access to goods and services for all citizens.
  5. It provides opportunities in general, especially when it comes to equality between men and women.
  6. Within the properties of equality, there is the fact of protecting and enforcing the rights of people, that is why we speak of the value of equality.

Equality right

It is also known as the principle of equality and refers to the fact that human beings from the moment they are born, must be recognized as equal before the law by a Government. This means that there are guarantees of equality in which people can enjoy the rights of a nation without any type of distinction from other people based on race, sex, color, religion, language, political opinions, origin or economic position. .

It is important to emphasize that equality before the law is a reality in the world, however, it is not something that belongs only to the rulers of nations, but to all people, so you have the duty and the right to exercise the ability and to assert themselves as well as others.

Equality types

There are several types of impartiality, however, the most important are distributed as follows:

Gender equality

This means that both women and men should receive the same benefits, rights, uniform opportunities of any kind, the same treatment or sentences and with the same respect in all aspects of life, that is, in education, work and Health. According to the values ​​and principles of society, there should be no discrimination based on sex, this means that it is an international law and that it must be observed at a general level, as it is linked to all the nations of the world.

Social equality

This is defined as the fact that the members of a certain society have the duty and right to enjoy the same opportunities as the rest. According to this, all subjects must have the same civil and political rights, as well as have access to social welfare, the right to education, work and health.

Legal equality

Equality - Legal equality

It is about being equal before the legislation of a country, that is, that everyone has the same conditions to access goods and services, applying here to all social sectors belonging to a community, since they all lack distinction, even if they are different by race, religion or sex. The constitution of each nation must have the guarantees of social defense, which makes it possible for people to receive and exercise justice in a specific conflict.

Political equality

It is the type of parity that is obtained only when all the human rights of first necessity or generation are fulfilled, that is, freedom and political partition.

This is known as a political and civil right that delimits the inviolable parts of humanity, that is, the right to vote, to be voted and participate in elections for the government of a country. These types of rights include freedom of expression, religion, the right to a fair trial and universal, direct and secret suffrage.

Equal opportunities

It is an idea of ​​social justice in which it is established that systems are socially just and dignified when people have the same opportunities to access social goods and services, as well as having the same rights at the political level.

At the political level, instead of talking about social justice, we are talking about equity in results. According to historical sources, this type of opportunity parity was preferred by right-wing political parties over economic or result equity.

The natural uniformity and opportunities is nothing more than a principle in which it is established and promulgated that people are equal not only before the law, but before nature itself. But when we talk about equity of results, it means that each person will receive the same amount of rights or social and economic goods as the rest of the people, regardless of the position they hold at the labor level.

Difference between equality and equity

Although the terms are similar, the meanings are different. Equity refers to the fact that each person receives what they deserve or simply what they are entitled to, on the other hand, the main term refers to the fact that everyone should receive the same treatment regardless of differences in different areas.

In the following comparative table of the most relevant differences between the two terms:

DefinitionIt is the willingness to treat all citizens in the same wayIt is the ability to be fair or to impart justice by starting
of the principle of equality
TypesGender equality.
Social equality.
Equal opportunities.
Gender equality.
Social equity.
DifferencesJustice applies to all citizens uniformlyExceptions can be made as long as you don’t commit
the sense of fairness
Examples* Human rights
* Freedom of expression
* Education rights
* Paternity leave
* Tickets suitable for people with motor disabilities

Examples of equality

Among the basic examples of this term is universal suffrage, that is, everyone has the right to vote. There is also the right to health, freedom of expression and access to justice.

Now, in cases of inequality, there is extreme poverty, a marked difference between people with better economic position and people with few resources. There is also unemployment, infant mortality and malnutrition, cultural and ethnic discrimination, fiscal injustices, poor access to education, and the concentration of political power.

Equality phrases

Abraham Lincoln, an American politician, said: “All men are born equal, but this is the last time they are.”

Honoré de Balzac, a French writer, said: “Equality may be a right, but there is no human power that can ever make it a fact.”

Che Guevara, an Argentine revolutionary, said: “If there is no coffee for everyone, there will be no one for anyone.”

George Bernard Shaw, an Irish writer, said: “When a man wants to kill a tiger, he calls it sport; when it is the tiger who wants to kill him, he calls it ferocity ”.

Frequently Asked Questions about Equality

What does equality mean?

It means that there are no differences between people, since they are all equal with respect to treatment.

What is equality before the law?

It means that all people should have the same rights and opportunities before the courts.

What is gender equality?

That people should have access to goods and services regardless of their sexual orientation or gender.

How important is equality in societies?

It is an extremely important value, since it is a condition of life to exercise, fulfill and establish human rights.

What is the difference between equity and equality?

The first refers to the fact that everyone gets what they deserve, the second refers to the fact that everyone should be treated in the same way regardless of their economic position, race or sex.