Epilepsy


Epilepsy is a brain disorder caused by a lack of control in neuronal electrical activity in different areas of the brain. Patients suffering from this pathology usually present uncontrolled movement of the body and recurrent seizures, which can bring psychological and cognitive consequences. These episodes are called epileptic seizures.

The symptoms that may occur will vary depending on the people who suffer from them, since some may only have slight absence losses, while others may lose consciousness and shake uncontrollably. In general, epileptic seizures tend to be similar to each other, in certain cases the people who suffer from them may have a tingling sensation or smells that do not exist, as well as sudden mood swings, all this before the convulsive episodes.

This pathology is caused when permanent changes occur in the brain tissue, causing a lack of control in said organ, because of this the brain sends abnormal signals that cause seizures. Epilepsy can be caused by injuries that cause direct damage to the brain, medical disorders and in some cases the causes are unknown, the main causes of epileptic seizures are the following.

  • Abnormal cerebral blood vessels.
  • Diseases that destroy brain tissue.
  • Metabolism disorders from birth.
  • Brain tumors.
  • Infections such as meningitis, HIV/AIDS, encephalitis and brain abscesses.
  • Transient ischemic attacks or cerebrovascular accidents.
  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Traumatic brain injuries (can occur, during pregnancy, birth or after it).

To prevent epileptic seizures, there is no known method so far, but there are ways to reduce the chances that they manifest in people, a balanced diet and good sleep are one of the recommendations that specialists usually order, avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and the consumption of psychotropic substances can help lower the chances of attacks. In cases of epilepsy due to brain trauma, it is recommended to use safety tools when carrying out high-risk activities (helmet) when driving, always wear a seat belt.

To treat epilepsy, drugs administered orally are usually used, the administered dose will depend on the type of epileptic episodes the patient presents, if necessary the dose of the drug can be increased, these drugs must be taken to the letter since If this is not the case, they can cause the appearance of new attacks. In case the treatment does not generate any change in the patient, the treating doctor can use surgery as an option, removing the damaged cells of the brain that produce epilepsy.