English, a language that emerged within the territory of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of England, has a West Germanic origin. It is considered one of the most influential languages ​​in the world today, being used to give speeches that bring together individuals from nations with totally different languages, that is, it is a lingua franca, due to the large number of speakers it has (around 508 millions). As such, the term “English” is derived from “Angles,” the official name of the Germanic tribe that brought an early Englishman to what would become the United Kingdom. However, this word can also refer to the name of England.

This language has undergone quite remarkable changes throughout history, due to the political and military influence that could be seen in earlier times. Some words found within their vocabulary have been borrowed from North Germanic languages ​​and French. Frisian, a language spoken by at least 500,000 people, is considered one of the closest linguistic relatives to English, although these similarities can only be observed in the ancient phase of both languages.

Within the phonological aspect, English has around 25 consonants (27 if some variations from other countries are taken into account); They are classified into four large groups: fricatives, stops, nasals, and approximants. Its spelling, which has undergone some modifications, is quite different from the pronunciation of the same word by vowels, since, in this language, the sound and the writing are totally different. It should be noted that, due to geographical conditions, English may contain different words or accents in the countries that proclaim it as their mother tongue or main language.