It is a treatment that is performed frequently in dental medicine, this term derives from the prefix “endo” which means inside and the suffix “doncia” which derives from the Latin language and means tooth. This procedure consists of extracting the pulp of the tooth, which is a tissue that is located within it, after this the pulp cavity is filled and sealed with a special material for it, the professional specialized in performing these procedures are called as endodontists . This practice has been supported by the American Dental Association since 1963.

The pulp of the tooth is a tissue of small dimensions that is similar to a thread, which is contained inside the tooth, when said tissue dies or suffers any damage, it must be extracted, applying the endodontic procedure, after said pulp is extracted, the resulting cavity must be cleaned, to then reshape it and finally fill the space, which seals the root canal of the tooth. Before endodontic treatments existed, when the pulp of the teeth died or suffered some damage, it was extracted. The most frequent reasons that usually damage the pulp are broken teeth, caries in an advanced stage, among others. In cases where the procedure is not performed, pus can be stored in the root of the tooth, which leads to the formation of an abscess that can damage the areas adjacent to the tooth and cause intense pain.

This procedure must be performed in several phases as it will take several appointments with the specialist. The steps to be followed by the endodontist are, first the back of the tooth must be drilled, then the damaged pulp is extracted, the cavity must be cleaned and widened to give it shape and the ducts that are there for that way to fill them. There are cases in which the treatment must be carried out in several sessions, for which the restoration of the coronary opening is carried out in order to preserve the tooth until the next session, in which the temporary material must be removed to proceed to the restoration. of the pulp chamber and the reticular duct, then the gutta-percha is introduced into the ducts to seal them, finally a crown is placed on the tooth to return the natural appearance of the tooth.