Elizabeth I of England


Elizabeth I was born on September 7, 1533 in the city of Greenwich, London. Her father was Henry VIII and her mother was Anne Boleyn. During her childhood she was separated from the court until Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of Henry VIII, took a liking to her and made the decision to bring her back to court. When her father died, Catherine became responsible for her and therefore it was not necessary for her to take part in the political intrigues that will arise during the coronation of her brother Edward VI. Later, after the death of her brother, Isabel became a supporter of her sister Maria de Ella, steadfastly refusing to support the rebellion that was led by the English soldier and conspirator, Thomas Wyatt.

In the year 1554 she was taken to jail after she was falsely accused of being involved in the Wyatt conspiracy. However, she would later be released, appearing to profess Catholicism and managing to regain favor with Maria. After her sister’s death in 1558, she became queen. Time in which England was socially divided by religious clashes, her economy was unstable and she was at war with France. Almost immediately on the death of her sister, she converted to Protestantism, and her first Parliament was made up of a Protestant majority. Between the years 1559 and 1563, parliament approved the religious legislation that would later become the doctrinal basis of the Church of England.

For most of his reign Catholics and Puritans were persecuted. The war with France ended with the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis in 1559, which allowed England to begin its industrial and economic development, which was increased due to the failure of the Spanish Armada.

Due to the fact that there were no heirs to the English throne, Parliament insisted that she marry, however, she stated her intention to remain single. She was claimed by many men of the monarchy, to whom she gave her favor only when she had some political interest. Despite this, she bestowed her affection on a succession of favourites, notably Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, Sir Walter Raleigh, and also Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex. Elizabeth.

Queen Elizabeth I died on March 24, 1603 at Richmond Palace, her remains were buried in Westminster Abbey, the same place where her sister Mary I was buried. For his part, the successor was James VI of Scotland, son of Mary Stuart, who was made King of England at just one year old and ascended the throne as James I.