Edifice


From the Latin aedificĭum, a building is a fixed construction that is used as a human dwelling and that allows different activities to be carried out.

Since the beginning of humanity, the human being has been busy and concerned with progressing in the techniques and materials used for construction, even inclined to bring beauty to buildings through the decoration of some of its parts.

The materials and techniques used for building construction were changing as history progressed. In this desire, architecture arose, which is nothing more than the art and technique that is responsible for projecting and designing buildings and any other type of structure that makes up the space that human beings inhabit.

The notion of building, in its strict sense, allows us to name any construction made by man. A church or a theater, for example, are buildings. However, everyday language uses the term to refer to vertical constructions that have more than one floor or floor.

The buildings, therefore, are linked to skyscrapers or towers, which generally function as permanent housing for people or whose facilities are used for the installation of offices. For example: «My aunt lives in a building with 22 floors», «With so many buildings on the coast, the beach has less and less sun».

Entering the technical question of construction, we find ourselves with the following components: wing (that part that extends on one side and is in relation to another), portico (it is an open area formed by columns or arcades arranged in the front of the building), peristyle (portico located around the building), atrium (it is an interior courtyard of the building and in churches it is an exterior space), vestibule (it is the first interior example of the building, followed by the door and that allows access to the rest of the rooms or parts of the building), gallery (it is an area open to the outside, the games room usually has the design) and crowning (it is the upper part of the building, which has the function of crowning it) , among the most prominent.

On the other hand, the bodies of the building are in turn composed of main members and other secondary members. The main ones stand out the supports or fasteners (columns and walls) and the supports (entablature, vaults, arches and ceilings).

In addition to all this, we cannot ignore that for some years there has been a lot of talk about so-called sustainable buildings, which are those that are built not only with ecological materials, but also betting on the introduction of the use of renewable energies.