Disc herniation


A disc herniation is a pathology in which the nucleus pulposus of one or more of the discs that are located between the vertebrae moves towards the nerve root, which causes pressure on it and consequently generates problems of the type neurological According to some statistical data, these are the cause of the greatest number of disabilities in individuals under 50 years of age. Approximately 1.08% of the world population has chronic disability due to herniated discs, these are very common in people with genetic diseases that alter connective tissue, an example of this is joint hypermobility syndrome.

The pain that hernias cause are very strong and they occur more frequently on the sides of the body. The symptoms can be very different depending on the place and severity of the hernia, among the most common the following can be mentioned:

  • Herniated discs in the lumbar region can present stabbing pain in the region of the legs, the region of the buttocks and also in the hips, also numbness in different regions. The pain can also be felt very strongly in the back of the calf or the bottom of the foot. In the legs you can have a feeling of weakness.
  • Hernias in the cervical region can cause quite intense pain when making movements with the neck, near or above the shoulder blade and can even be felt in some regions of the arm and can even affect the hand. You can also have numbness in the region of the elbows and shoulders.

It is normal for the pain to start very mild and as time goes by it becomes stronger, especially after sitting for long periods, when you laugh with intensity, walking excessively are undoubtedly some of the things that can increase the pain.

The main cause that is responsible for causing hernias is age, since when the body ages, the intervertebral discs tend to lose their elasticity and flexibility, meanwhile the ligaments around said discs become fragile and tear very easily, when a herniated disc occurs, it can cause pressure on nearby spinal nerves (radiculopathy) or on the spinal cord (myelopathy) and cause quite severe pain.