Diplomatic Asylum


Diplomatic asylum refers to the granting of temporary shelter for those people who flee their country of origin for reasons of political persecution, this asylum is granted in those places that by diplomatic conventions or agreements are considered an extension of the national territory such as example the embassies or residences of the ambassadors, as well as the warships that are anchored in foreign ports.

It is a protection provided by a country in aid of those persons who are subject to persecution for political reasons or crimes committed in another country, without extradition authorization. The person requesting diplomatic asylum must be in danger of death or his freedom, and not have any other mechanism that allows him to save himself from the persecution he suffers.

The person who receives the benefit of diplomatic asylum must avoid carrying out any type of political acts, while he is in asylum, as long as the local country provides him with all the sufficient guarantees so that the asylum-seeker can cross its borders. Once the asylee is outside the country, the country that granted the asylum is not obliged to give him residence in its territory, however, it will not be able to return him to his country of origin, as long as the asylee so expresses it. Diplomatic asylum is contemplated in international law and protected by the signature of the member states of the organization of American states, however it is not mandatory for a country to agree to grant it.

The history of diplomatic asylum dates back to ancient times, where those people who committed an ordinary crime and not politicians were given asylum, these people were given asylum in religious temples after several modifications in the laws of At the time, the asylum for bandits was repealed and instead the asylum for political fugitives who are harassed for their ideology and political position was preserved.