Term that derives from the Greek “diaphórēsis” which according to the RAE refers to sweat. In medicine, diaphoresis is called a condition in which there is excessive secretion of sweat (substance with a translucent appearance, which is produced by the sweat glands, present in the skin of mammals with a similar composition to urine), which it can be the result of any physical activity, which in general terms is considered normal, other causes can be psychological factors, such as emotional and environmental factors, or it can be the consequence of some pathology as a side effect of the use of amphetamines .

The origin of diaphoresis is mostly due to menopause (permanent interruption of menstrual periods), during this process women usually present various hormonal changes, which can directly affect body temperature, generating as a consequence what is known as known colloquially as hot flashes, where the body begins to secrete large amounts of sweat. Other pathologies that trigger diaphoresis are thyroid disorders, bacterial infections, fever, etc.

The treatment for diaphoresis is mainly based on resolving the primary causes, since they are the ones that give way to the development of excessive sweating. In the event that the patient presents menopause, experts can implement a series of therapies in order to replace estrogen, thus helping to reduce diaphoresis. On the other hand, if it is caused by psychological factors such as anxiety or even stress, it is possible that a set of relaxation techniques can be implemented, a feasible option is the practice of yoga. Performing exercises regularly and maintaining a healthy diet can undoubtedly help a great deal.

Sometimes conventional medical treatments may not give the expected results, that is when doctors decide to opt for non-surgical procedures such as iontophoresis, a technique through which ions of substances in an active state are inserted through the dermis, this by means of the use of low-energy current, if this does not work, it is possible to resort to performing a surgical sympathectomy, which consists of cutting certain sections of the ganglia of the sympathetic system.