Demonstrative adjective


It is known as a noun that component of the sentence that is responsible for adding a series of properties to the noun, either describing its characteristics or the situation in which it finds itself. Adjectives can indicate both abstract and concrete peculiarities; This can be seen in the following simple example: “the sad girl points to the chubby guy sitting right next to the policeman”, where, at first glance, the girl’s emotions (intangible/abstract) and the singular subject’s weight.

In the Spanish language, there are about 10 different types of adjectives, all of them classified under different function criteria.

The demonstrative adjectives, on the other hand, are the series of words determined, within the sentence, to indicate a relationship of time or place, being these: this, that, that (feminine) and this, that, that (masculine) . Examples of them are: “yesterday I was in charge of cleaning this place completely”, “the boy in this photo was arrested for committing misdeeds” and “this fall we will collect this year’s harvest”. It is important to note that these must necessarily precede a noun; otherwise, we would be talking about pronouns, those terms that are responsible for replacing the name of objects with a general one.

Adjectives have the union to complete or limit a noun. For this reason, it is common that among these there is a certain agreement regarding gender and number, being masculine and feminine and plural and singular, respectively. Demonstrative adjectives do not escape this rule, so they are easily adapted by adding an “s” at the end of the word and exchanging, as the case may be, the “a” for the “o”.