Decompression


In general terms, the word decompression is used to define the decrease in pressure to which a body has been subjected, especially a liquid or a gas. In medical terms, there is a disorder called decompression syndrome, which is a very acute illness caused by a sudden drop in atmospheric pressure.

Decompression syndrome is characterized by the appearance of small bubbles and inflammation of the skin. However, one of the safest and most obvious symptoms is the appearance of intense pain that affects various parts of the body. Similarly, certain parts of the body can suffer from temporary paralysis, which in some cases can be permanent and can even lead to death.

Decompression syndrome is also known as “pressure sickness” or “divers’ disease.” Divers are people whose job it is to dive to the bottom of a sea or lake for a specific purpose.
As is known, air is basically composed of nitrogen and oxygen, which when exposed to high pressure, compresses it, so that each inhalation carried out in the depths will contain many more molecules than an inhalation in the surface; This is why the body will absorb a surplus of molecules of both oxygen and nitrogen. However, excess oxygen molecules will not accumulate in the body while nitrogen molecules do, causing them to accumulate in tissues and blood. Causing the disease to arise.

It is important that divers take their precautions before submerging in the water, for example, the time spent in the depths should be reduced a little, after several days of immersion it is best for the person to have a period between 12 or 24 hours in the surface, before boarding a plane or moving to higher altitudes.

If by chance the person has had decompression episodes, they should try not to dive again, without first having seen a doctor for a thorough evaluation in order to rule out any risk factor, such as a heart condition.