Cystic fibrosis


It is an autosomal recessive genetic pathology, which occurs from birth, affecting the lungs, pancreas, intestine and liver, through the retention of sticky and thick mucus in such areas of the body, cystic fibrosis is one of the diseases most common chronic that affects adolescents and children, being potentially fatal in those who have it.

This disease is caused by a defect in a gene that causes the body to produce a fairly thick and sticky mucus, which accumulates in the respiratory tract and pancreas, causing infections in these areas that can be fatal, too. It can cause problems in the sweat glands and in the male reproductive system. In order for cystic fibrosis to manifest in a person, it is necessary that they have two damaged genes, one heir to the mother and the other to the father, which is why a person can be a carrier of said gene but not show the symptoms since they only have a single defective gene.

The symptoms presented by people with this pathology may vary depending on age, the level of the affected organ and the infections that are associated with them. Cystic fibrosis can affect the entire organism, reflecting its impact on the development and growth of children, affecting respiratory and digestive functions, in babies it can affect their development by preventing them from gaining weight properly, as well as It affects the digestive system, obstructing the intestines caused by fairly dense feces and in large quantities. During the growth of the child, other symptoms may develop, such as growth retardation, development of lung diseases and poor absorption of nutrients and vitamins.

Despite the many efforts to try to find a cure for this condition, even today this disease is considered incurable, however there are treatments focused on reducing its effects, in order to ensure that patients have a healthy life. , all this without leaving aside the research that is still ongoing in search of new drugs. The most common treatments used today in the event that fibrosis affects the respiratory system are physical exercises, antibiotics administered orally, intravenously and inhaled, and respiratory physiotherapy. In cases of digestive affection, vitamins, pancreatic enzymes and insulin are usually administered.