Cyclone


It is usually known as a cyclone with intense winds that are accompanied by storms with heavy rain, although it is also assigned to zones or areas of the world where atmospheric pressure is quite low. The word “cyclone” was first used in 1840 by Henry Piddington.

The development or formation of a low pressure system is called Cyclogenesis and is a term made up of several similar processes that give rise to the development of a certain type of cyclone and can occur at any of the scales used in meteorology (microscale and synoptic scale). ) less on the planetary scale.

There are several types of cyclones, however, some of them will be named below:

Tropical Cyclones: also known as tropical storms, hurricanes and typhoons, generally formed in warm oceans, sucking the energy from evaporation and condensation. They originate from the formation of low atmospheric pressure centers within the sea.

Extratropical cyclones: they are formed by latitudes greater than 30° and are made up of two or more air masses. The variety of cyclones of this type is wide and the identification of a subfamily of this type is still in process.

Subtropical cyclones: meteorological system that has characteristics similar to the tropical cyclone as well as the extratropical one and usually form in latitudes near the equator.

Polar cyclones are similar to and about the size of tropical cyclones, although they are very short-lived. Unlike other cyclones, this one develops extreme speed and reaches a maximum of 24 hours of force.

Finally, the mesocyclones: these emit a rotational inertia in layers, appearing in the form of a cloud, which allows it to increase its rotation, forming a tornado.