cross


The cross is a geometric figure made up of two bars, one placed horizontally and the other vertically. The cross is also known for being the representative image of many cultures and religions, such as Christianity, the four elements of antiquity, the union of the world and divinity, the four cardinal points and even of a military order. However, its origin is generated by the method of execution of Christ in ancient times.

In Greek, this element of execution obtained the Greek name of σταυρός (staurós) which means stake or wood. However, the so-called cross in Latin (cruciare) means to torture or crucify. Although the meaning coincides with some beliefs, they do not all have the same form, in fact it can change. The catholic church differs from some courts especially in the upper part and the orthodox church has a cross with eight arms and the body is more extended or long. Also, being a symbol of torture and pain, many take this name as a weight or bad weather, for example when an activity or person becomes complex they are called a cross or carry a cross. Even some quadrupedal animals have a body part called the withers, located on the back and intersecting with the bones of the backbone and forelimbs.

Some see the cross as a cursed symbol that means humiliation, defeat and death, many people who are not Christians see the symbol of the cross as a reason for repudiation, even alluding to a fatal example: Would you worship the knife with which they killed your father? However, despite the contradictions, the cross or the torture stake continues to be a universal image that causes admiration in some and repudiation in others. One of the recently found ancient Christian crosses was embedded in the Herculaneum house in 1939, beneath it a small kneeler believed to have been made for praying or an ancient altar.