Crimes Against Life

Crimes Against Life, also known as Crimes against humanity, are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or an individual attack directed against any civilian, or an identifiable part of a civilian population.

The first indictment for crimes against humanity took place at the Nuremberg trials. Since then, crimes against humanity have been prosecuted by other international tribunals, such as the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court, as well as in domestic prosecutions. The law of crimes against humanity or crimes against life, was developed mainly through the evolution of customary international law.

Crimes against humanity are not codified in an international convention, although there is currently an international effort to establish such a treaty, led by the Crimes Against Humanity Initiative.

Unlike war crimes, crimes against humanity can be committed during peace or war. They are not isolated or sporadic events, but are part of a government policy (although the perpetrators do not need to identify with this policy) or a widespread practice of atrocities tolerated by a government or a de facto authority.

War crimes, murder, massacres, dehumanization, genocide, ethnic cleansing, deportations, unethical human experimentation, extrajudicial punishments, including summary executions, use of weapons of mass destruction, state terrorism or state sponsorship of terrorism, death squads , kidnapping and enforced disappearances, military use of children, wrongful imprisonment, slavery, cannibalism, torture, rape, political repression, racial discrimination, religious persecution and other human rights abuses can reach the threshold of crimes against life if they are part of a generalized or systematic practice.

Life is the most valuable legal right of man, because if he lacks other goods it has no meaning for him, and it is also a legal right that the state needs to protect in order to protect the existence of its inhabitants, an essential element of the state, which also You have an obligation to provide security.