This term can be defined in two ways, first it can be defined as an attack on the preponderant culture, and second it is considered as an optional culture that is on the side of the market and the means of mass constitution.

This term is used specifically to describe a structured and important movement, whose activity affects many individuals and lasts for a considerable time. The counterculture has been the construction of all the projects and dreams of a certain social group. In short, the counterculture is all that community and cultural movement that is characterized by being against cultural values.

There are various countercultural manifestations: there are the so-called urban tribes, which are formed by those young people interested in discovering an identification, an identity that neither the family nor society have been able to offer them. The attack groups are those made up of criminal gangs that are responsible for violently attacking and destabilizing the already established system. Alternative social groups are those who are searching for a meaning to existence through different means opposing social materialism.

The counterculture is considered by many as partially peaceful and transitory customs, when this occurs they are considered subcultures, that is, a derivative of the prevailing cultures that are not effectively opposed to it. From an epistemic point of view, the counterculture can be considered as something misleading, since it makes a certain community that presents counter-conventional characteristics to the prevailing culture be perceived as a totally autonomous culture.