Complement


The predicate or complement is that part of the sentence in which what the subject does is expressed or said, taking into account the verb that is what the individual’s action indicates to us. The etymological origin of this word comes from Latin and means put forward, describing the action to be performed by the subject.

Depending on the context in how it looks, it can be said that the predicate is the constituent part of the sentence, which gives valuable information about the subject, this applied in the syntax, while for the semantics it is the expression that denotes the state of things with respect to the individual being talked about.

The predicate like other grammatical terms such as the verb can be classified into different types, specifically six.

  • Adjectival predicate.
  • Copulative predicate.
  • Verbal predicate.
  • Verboidal predicate.
  • Simple predicate.
  • Compound predicate.

Adjectival predicate: is one where the adjective attributes something to the subject. For example “Luis is a good worker, that’s how I see him”, “Marco is not very good at shooting.”

Copulative predicate: in this case, the predicate will always have a copula that will unite the subject with the predicate (to be, to appear and to be). For example, “The woman seems strong”, “Magaly is working”, “Laura is very beautiful.”

Verb predicate: here the subject performs the action of the verb. For example, “Pedro works a lot”, “Carlos reads the lesson.” It can also manifest itself passively, which is when the subject receives the action of the complement, “The lesson is read by Carlos”, The chicken is sold by Maritza “.

Verboidal predicate: this is a bit more complex because they are not presented to a certain number of people and it can be constituted with infinitives, participle and gerund, these are verboids.

In the case of infinitives, the subject does not coincide and how many are spoken of is not specified. For example, do we play? Who sleep? While in the participle «The car, always broken», «To the taxi, always working». Finally, in gerund it is expressed in the following way “Those eating everything”, “We always running”.

Simple predicate: it has only one kernel. “The child grows every day.”

Compound predicate: has more than one nucleus. “The cat ran and played with the girl”, “The woman studies and works.”